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The Ministry of Justice building
|Formed||February 15, 1948|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Japan|
|Headquarters||1-1-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan|
|Deputy Minister responsible|
The Ministry of Justice (法務省, Hōmu-shō) is one of the cabinet level ministries of the Japanese government. It is responsible for the judicial system, correctional services, and household, property and corporate registrations, and immigration control. It also serves as the government's legal representatives.
The Ministry of Justice was established in 1871 as the Ministry of Justice (司法省, Shihōshō). It acquired its present name under the post-war Constitution of Japan in 1952. Its responsibilities include administration of Japan's judicial system and the penal system. It represents the Japanese government in litigation, and is also responsible for maintaining the official registers of households, resident aliens, real estate and corporations.
The Ministry of Justice is organized in seven bureaus:
- Minister's Secretariat
- The Civil Affairs Bureau
- Criminal Affairs Bureau
- Correction Bureau
- Rehabilitation Bureau
- Human Rights Bureau
- Litigation Bureau
The MOJ has jurisdiction over the National Bar Examination Commission, the Public Security Examination Commission, and the Public Security Intelligence Agency. Although the Public Prosecutors Office are administratively part of the Ministry of Justice, they are independent of the authority of the Minister of Justice.
- "Names of Government Organizations and Positions" (PDF). Cabinet Secretariat. Retrieved 2013-12-20.
- https://escholarship.org/content/qt63r6g7zh/qt63r6g7zh.pdf?t=n4owfv[bare URL PDF]
- "Bureau head Shoko Sasaki to lead upgraded Immigration Agency when it launches April 1". 2019-03-28. Archived from the original on 2019-03-28. Retrieved 2023-11-02 – via Japan Times Online.
- Official website (in English)
- Official website (in Japanese)
- Japanese Law Translation, Law/Term/context search site